21 de December del 2016

La toxoplasmosis y las mujeres embarazadas

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<a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/la-toxoplamosis-y-las-mujeres-embarazadas-destapemos-la-leyenda-urbana/" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(195, 48, 48);">La toxoplasmosis y las mujeres embarazadas, destapemos la leyenda urbana</a></h1>
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<a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/la-toxoplamosis-y-las-mujeres-embarazadas-destapemos-la-leyenda-urbana/#respond" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(155, 155, 155);" title="Comentarios en La toxoplasmosis y las mujeres embarazadas, destapemos la leyenda urbana">Comment: 0</a></div>
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<span class="head" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Tag:&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/tag/embarazo/" rel="tag" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(155, 155, 155);">embarazo</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/tag/gatos/" rel="tag" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(155, 155, 155);">gatos</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/tag/mujer-embarazada/" rel="tag" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(155, 155, 155);">mujer embarazada</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/tag/toxoplasma-gondii/" rel="tag" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(155, 155, 155);">Toxoplasma gondii</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/tag/toxoplasmosis/" rel="tag" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(155, 155, 155);">toxoplasmosis</a></div>
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Cada a&ntilde;o muchos gatos son abandonados por mujeres embarazadas por miedo a contraer la toxoplasmosis, una enfermedad que puede tener consecuencias graves en el feto.&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Tomando ciertas precauciones no hay raz&oacute;n alguna para desprenderse de un gato sano.</strong>&nbsp;Destapemos esta leyenda urbana.</h3>
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Existe la falsa creencia de que las mujeres que tienen gatos deben desprenderse de ellos si piensan quedarse embarazadas, pero si se siguen unas&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">medidas de seguridad b&aacute;sicas</strong>, los gatos no supondr&aacute;n un problema. Si est&aacute;s embarazada o piensas estarlo&hellip;</p>
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Come&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">carne perfectamente cocida</strong>.</li>
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<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">L&aacute;vate las manos</strong>&nbsp;y los utensilios despu&eacute;s de manipular alimentos.</li>
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<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Limpia diariamente</strong>&nbsp;la bandeja del gato.</li>
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<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">No permitas que el gato cace</strong>&nbsp;ni tenga acceso a carne cruda o poco cocida.</li>
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<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Lava cuidadosamente frutas y vegetales</strong>&nbsp;antes de ingerirlos.</li>
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<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Utiliza guantes</strong>&nbsp;para manipular la tierra del jard&iacute;n potencialmente contaminada.</li>
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<a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/1_TOXOPLASMOSIS_90461299.jpg" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(12, 138, 46);"><img alt="Consejos para evitar contagiarnos de toxoplasmosis" class="size-full wp-image-2609" height="667" src="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/1_TOXOPLASMOSIS_90461299.jpg" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px none; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; max-width: 98.5%; height: auto; width: auto;" width="1000" /></a>
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Para evitar el contagio de toxoplasmosis debemos lavar bien las verduras y las frutas antes de su consumo.</p>
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La infecci&oacute;n por&nbsp;<em style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">T. gondii</em>&nbsp;es una de las zoonosis, enfermedades que los animales transmiten a las personas, m&aacute;s frecuentes. Entre el&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">30-40 % de la poblaci&oacute;n mundial</strong>&nbsp;se ha infectado alguna vez y tiene anticuerpos frente a ella.</p>
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Conozcamos m&aacute;s acerca de la enfermedad</h3>
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Es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por un par&aacute;sito intracelular (que vive dentro de las c&eacute;lulas) llamado&nbsp;<em style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Toxoplasma gondii</em>. En los gatos con un sistema inmunitario muy deprimido, es decir, que tengan pocas defensas, puede ser muy grave.</p>
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Puede afectar pr&aacute;cticamente a todos los animales de sangre caliente, aunque solo la familia de los felinos es el hospedador definitivo, es decir, donde&nbsp;el par&aacute;sito, en este caso&nbsp;<em style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Toxoplasma gondii</em>, alcanza su madurez y se reproduce sexualmente.&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Esto significa que los felinos mantienen la enfermedad y la contagian.</strong></p>
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<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">El contagio&nbsp;</strong></p>
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Los gatos pueden infectarse por varias v&iacute;as:</p>
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Si comen o cazan carnes crudas infectadas por el par&aacute;sito, por ejemplo, un roedor o un ave infectada.</li>
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Ingiriendo agua o alimentos contaminados con huevos infectantes.</li>
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Durante la gestaci&oacute;n, madres que no hayan sido nunca expuesta a&nbsp;<em style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">T. gondii</em>&nbsp;y no hayan desarrollado anticuerpos frente a este par&aacute;sito, pueden transmit&iacute;rselo al feto.</li>
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A trav&eacute;s de la leche en la fase de lactaci&oacute;n.</li>
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Una vez en su organismo,&nbsp;<em style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">T. gondii</em>&nbsp;se reproduce en su intestino dando lugar a millones de huevos, llamados oocistos, que el animal excreta en las heces.&nbsp;Los oocistos no son infecciosos hasta pasadas 24 horas de la excreci&oacute;n aunque mantienen su capacidad de infectar el agua o el suelo durante un a&ntilde;o. Cuando otros organismos ingieren las heces del gato o agua no tratada, se convierten en portadores de la enfermedad.</p>
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El gato se contagia al comer carne infectada. Dentro del organismo felino,&nbsp;<em style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">T. gondii</em>&nbsp;se reproduce y forma huevos que saldr&aacute;n al exterior con las heces. La familia felina es la responsable de difundir la enfermedad mediante la excreci&oacute;n de estos huevos al medio ambiente.</p>
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El contacto con heces frescas de gato no supone ning&uacute;n riesgo, ya que contienen ooquistes no infectantes. Para ser infecciosos debe pasar al menos 24 horas tras la excreci&oacute;n de heces.</p>
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S&iacute;ntomas en el gato</h3>
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La gravedad de los s&iacute;ntomas es muy variable, pudiendo no mostrar signos externos de la infecci&oacute;n o bien, producir unos s&iacute;ntomas muy graves. Los s&iacute;ntomas suelen ser semejantes a los de la gripe.</p>
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Los&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">m&aacute;s frecuentes</strong>&nbsp;son letargia (poco activo), p&eacute;rdida de apetito, fiebre, dificultad al respirar, etc.</li>
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Otros que se presentan&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">m&aacute;s raramente</strong>&nbsp;son v&oacute;mitos, diarreas, n&oacute;dulos linf&aacute;ticos m&aacute;s abultados de lo normal, color amarillento de mucosas (se ve f&aacute;cilmente en las enc&iacute;as y en la mucosa de los ojos) y abortos.</li>
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El&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">h&iacute;gado</strong>&nbsp;se ve afectado en un 93% de los casos.</li>
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Si sospechas de alguno de estos s&iacute;ntomas, acude a tu cl&iacute;nica veterinaria para que realicen las pruebas necesarias a tu gato que confirmen o desmientan que padece toxoplasmosis. Esta enfermedad infecciosa tiene cura, as&iacute; que en caso de ser positivo, solo se le deber&iacute;a administrar el&nbsp;<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">tratamiento que tu veterinario determine.</strong></p>
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<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">&iquest;Y c&oacute;mo evitamos que nuestro gato se infecte de&nbsp;<em style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">T. gondii</em>?</strong></p>
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Para evitar la infecci&oacute;n de gatos con el par&aacute;sito de la toxoplasmosis, se debe:</p>
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Alimentarlo con comida comercial.</li>
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Si le das carne, &eacute;sta debe estar congelada a temperaturas inferiores a -20&nbsp;&deg;C durante al menos 2 d&iacute;as o bien debe estar cocinada a 60&nbsp;&deg;C durante 10 minutos.</li>
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Impedir que cacen si salen al exterior, por lo que ponerles un cascabel puede servir de ayuda.</li>
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No permitir que beban de lugares no controlados.</li>
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La presencia de un gato, &iquest;supone mayor riesgo de contraer toxoplasmosis?</h3>
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Hay algunos estudios que atribuyen un mayor riesgo de padecer toxoplasmosis a las mujeres que tienen tres o m&aacute;s gatos, mientras que otros estudios demostraron que no hubo ninguna asociaci&oacute;n entre el contagio de toxoplasmosis y tener gatos. Ante estos resultados, una vez m&aacute;s:</p>
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<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">La prevenci&oacute;n sigue siendo lo m&aacute;s importante.</strong></p>
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<a href="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/1_TOXOPLASMOSIS_38421118.jpg" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px rgb(230, 230, 230); font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; -webkit-transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; transition: color 300ms, background-color 300ms, opacity 300ms; color: rgb(12, 138, 46);"><img alt="Toxoplasmosis, gatos y mujeres embarazadas" class="size-full wp-image-2625" height="611" src="http://www.argospetmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/1_TOXOPLASMOSIS_38421118.jpg" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px none; font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; max-width: 98.5%; height: auto; width: auto;" width="1000" /></a>
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La prevenci&oacute;n para no contraer toxoplasmosis es lo m&aacute;s importante.</p>
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